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Knowing the factors associated with periodic HIV testing among female sex workers FSW is essential to expand testing coverage and to broaden programs of treatment as prevention. Data analysis considered the complex sampling design. Factors associated with regular HIV testing were identified through logistic regression models. The testing coverage in the last year was Only Among the factors associated with the higher probability of HIV testing in the last year were a better level of education, living with a partner, working indoors, consistent use of condoms, and regular use of public and private health services stood out.
Periodic HIV testing allows early diagnosis and immediate treatment of cases, reducing the chances of spreading the infection to the population. However, factors such as stigma and discrimination hinder the use of regular health services. It is necessary to expand awareness campaigns, especially among FSWs with low educational level and greater vulnerability, in order to broaden the perception of risk and the importance of periodic testing, in addition to encouraging regular health care.
Foram utilizados dados de 4. Despite preventive measures widely adopted in recent years to reduce the spread of the infection by the acquired immunodeficiency virus HIV and other sexually transmitted infections STIs among female sex workers FSW , this population segment continues being disproportionately affected by HIV 1.
From an epidemiological point of view, unprotected sexual practices and the multiplicity of partnerships are important determinants for a greater exposure to HIV 2. From social perspective, structural characteristics, including environment, violence, stigma, cultural contexts and contexts of illegality of sex work continue to be a crucial part in determining the risk of infection among sex workers and their clients 5.
In Brazil, it is estimated that FSWs represent 0. Although prostitution is not considered a crime according to Brazilian law, except if women under the age of 18 years are involved, FSWs constantly experiment discrimination, condemnatory, moralistic and punitive attitudes 7 , in addition to physical and sexual violence - factors that are consistently associated with adverse health outcomes 8.